Snow and other debris building up on grass throughout the winter can cause grassy areas to die. If this has happened to you, there are many things you can do to get your yard looking normal again. Below are some tips to help you get started doing this.
Remove the Dead Grass
You can remove the dead grass by raking over it with a garden rake. If you are having a hard time using a rake or there is a large area of dead grass, you can use a tiller to till over the soil to help loosen it up. You can then remove any grass that you see by hand. Tilling over the area one time should do the trick as you do not want to mess with the soil too much.
Plant the Grass Seeds
Now that the dead grass is removed, you can plant grass seed so new healthy grass will grow. Take a sample of your healthy grass to a garden center to ensure you purchase the right seeds. Break up any clumps of soil and remove any debris, such as small rocks, sticks, etc. from the soil.
If the area is small, you can spread the seed evenly over the soil with your hands. If the area is large, you should use a seed spreader. You have to make sure you spread the seeds evenly as if you plant too many seeds close together this will crowd the grass so it cannot get enough nutrients.
Use a Seed Spacer
If you want to be sure you are spacing them out correctly, you can purchase a seed spacer from a company like SEEDING SQUARE. You can purchase this at a garden center or online. The seed spacer has openings that are properly spaced apart. It is flat and you lay it on the ground and push it into the soil so that it is secure. You then place the seeds into each hole and then remove the spacer. Many spacers come with a funnel to make placing the seeds easier. The spacer you purchase will come with complete instructions on how to use it.
Cover the Seeds
When you are finished planting the grass seed, you need to lightly cover them with soil so they do not blow away. Approximately ¼ inch of soil is enough for this purpose. They will then have time to germinate and start growing. This also allows the seeds to retain moisture.
Water the Seeds
You need to ensure the soil stays moist where you plant the grass seeds. Water lightly as you do not want to saturate the soil and water once per day if it does not rain. You should do this until the new grass is approximately two inches high.
If you need help with any of this, contact a landscape contractor to plant the seeds for you.